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» Massage therapy- Theoretical aspects.
Massage therapy- Theoretical aspects.
Health is known to be a priceless gift of the nature and the most important task of every person is to save this gift. Looking for the sources of health in our environment, we often forget that the main reserves necessary to overcome any illness are inside of us. According to Oriental medical thinking, a human body has powerful natural resources able to save and restore health. For thousand of years people have made sure that this idea is true and we agree with it. The ancient conception about the functions of an integrate organism is connected with the conception about presence in the organism a vital force or energy (qi) which moves along invisible channels (meridians). The vital force consists of two united elements (one is active and the other is passive) or two polarities. The active or positive polarity presenting movement, light, warmth, excitation, that is andldquo;excessandrdquo;, is defined as Jang-state. The passive or negative polarity presenting calmness, cold, oppression, darkness, that is andldquo;deficiencyandrdquo;, is defined as Ing-state. Interaction and struggle of these opposites is a display of the vital force. Normal vital activity of the organism is founded on balance between Jan and Ing, and on absolute harmony of their display; the absence of the harmony leads to pathology, which is expressed either in weakening of Jang or Ing or in excessive strengthening of one or the other.
Agreeing with the above andndash; mentioned Oriental massage therapy Lyapko N. G. expressed his own opinion concerning the conditions necessary for normal energy circulation. Indeed, energy (Cy) gets into the body with food and air but it can be realized, transformed or changed only under the conditions of active movement. It is the condition that allows energy to circulate through the meridians freely. The lack of movement (hypodinamia) prevents the energy production and disturbs its distribution and circulation in Jan-meridians as well as Ing-meridians, which causes illness.
In ancient times people noticed that when someone fell ill there were certain areas on his body which ached when pressed. By means of pain relief massage therapy stimulating these areas it was possible to treat the patients. The areas were called andldquo;life pointsandrdquo;. The most important theory taken as s foundation of the method of superficial many-needle massage therapy is the teaching about points and meridians. andldquo;Life pointandrdquo; or biologically active point (BAP) is a little part of the skin and subcutaneous matrix where there is a complex of interconnected microstructures (vessels, nerves and cells of connective tissues). It all creates the biologically active zone which affects nerve terminals and influences creation of the connections between the part of the body and an internal organ.
According to location, direction, effect and innervation links the points are divided into the following groups:
1. Points of general effect. They produce reflex effect on the functional state of the central nervous system.
2. Segmental points. They are located in the region of cutaneous metameres which correspond with the innervation zone of certain segments of the spinal cord.
3. Spinal points. They are located along the vertebral and paravertebral lines according to the place of outlet of the nerve roots and vegetative fibers which innervate certain organs and systems.
4. Regional points. They are located in the zone of projection of certain internal organs on the skin.
5. Local points. They affect, mainly, the underlying tissues (muscles, vessels, ligaments, joints).
It is proves that acupuncture points and zones differ from the surrounding skin in their biophysical characteristics. They have:
andbull; higher level of potential and capacity;
andbull; higher temperature;
andbull; minimal electric resistance of the skin.
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Date: Sat, 13 Mar 2010 -
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